- Victim is stripped and tied to a pole.
- Shards of metal and bone are laced into the leather whip.
- Romans aren’t limited to 40 strokes, as are the Jews.
- Pain and blood loss set stage for shock.
We should note at the outset that in the era before clocks and precise record keeping, numbers were often an estimation. Three and five signified a little, and forty a lot more. That is not to say that forty was never an accurate number, only that precision was not the intent of biblical authors. Continue reading BIBLE SIGNS & SYMBOLS (FORTY)