In Exodus 12, God gives Moses the instructions and requirements for the Passover.

12:1-2 – The feast marked a new year, a new beginning for the IsraelitesIn Christ, every believer is a new creation (2 Corinthians 5:17). Old things and the old life are past.
12:5 – A male lamb in its first year was taken into the home on the tenth of Nisan
(the first month of the Jewish calendar). While in the home, it was closely inspected to see if there were any blemishes or disfigurements. If it was without defect, it was then sacrificed on the fourteenth of Nisan.
Christ was closely inspected by:
. Pilate (Matthew 27:11-26; Luke 23:1-6; 13-25; John 18:28-19:16)
. Herod (Luke 23:8-12)
. Annas (John 19:12-13; 19-24)
. Caiaphas (Matthew 26:57).
They could find no fault in him. Christ is the “lamb without blemish or defect” (1 Peter 1:19).
12:6 – The “whole community” of God’s people was required to participate in the sacrifice. Accepting Christ’s sacrifice is required for all who want to be part of God’s community (Romans 3:21-26).
12:7, 12, 22 – The blood of the sacrificed lamb was applied to the doorframe- the lintel and side posts.
Because of the covering of blood, the house was spared from God’s plague.
Christ shed his blood to rescue his people. We need to be covered or justified by the blood of the Lamb to be rescued from condemnation (Romans 3:25; 5:9). Christ is the Lamb that takes away the sins of the world (John 1:29).
12:14 – The Passover was to be kept as a remembrance forever. During the Last Supper, Jesus refers to the bread as “my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me” (Luke 22:19).
12:46 – God commanded Israel not to break any bones of the sacrificed lamb. To speed up Jesus’ death, the Roman soldiers were going to break his legs. However, Jesus was already dead, so his bones remained unbroken (John 19:32-33).

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