The exact location of Jesus’ crucifixion is unknown, although there are three suggested sites (1) The Church of the Holy Sepulcher inside the walls of Jerusalem, (2) an unidentified place outside the city walls, and (3) Gordon’s Calvary, a hillside site above a large rock that resembles a skull. This third site is also outside the city walls. Some interpreters claim that a verse from the book of Hebrews proves the crucifixion occurred outside the walls of Jerusalem: “Jesus also suffered outside the city gate to make the people holy through his own blood” (Hebrews 13:12). But Jerusalem was destroyed by the Roman army in A.D. 70, about thirty-five years after Jesus’ crucifixion. The city’s walls may have been rerouted when they were rebuilt.
The site-wherever it was-was probably the place where all Roman executions in the Jerusalem area were carried out. Both Golgotha, Mark and Matthew’s Aramaic word (Matthew 27:33), and Calvary, Luke’s Latin word (Luke 23:33), mean “place of a skull.”
MARK 15:22- They [soldiers] bring him [Jesus] unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull.