The Ten Commandments remind children to honor their parents. Paul applies this command here by teaching that honor begins with obedience. Paul’s reason is not that parents are always right or because children owe some debt to parents, but because obedience toward parents pleases the Lord.
On the parental side of this relationship, Paul directs fathers to avoid angering their children (probably with an eye to the social power fathers in the ancient world enjoyed) and to raise children with discipline and instruction “approved by the Lord.”
EPHESIANS 6:1-4 – 1.Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right.
2 Honour thy father and mother; which is the first commandment with promise;
3 That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.
4 And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.